be-k-zendegi
 

از فعالیتهای شرکت عمران گستر تمدن تولید گلمیخ عرشه فولادی و فروش گل میخ عرشه فولادی می باشد .به طور کلی مرحله اجرای گلمیخ یکی از چهار مرحله اصلی اجرای سقف عرشه فولادی می باشد که وظیفه گل میخ انتقال نیروی برشی می باشد .

در تعریف گلمیخ می توان اینگونه بیان نمود که گل میخ قطعه ای است فولادی با ابعاد مختلف که پس از پخش و ثابت نمودن ورق عرشه فولادی با استفاده از دستگاه جوش استاد ولدینگ بر روی تیرها جوش داده می شود.

ارتفاع گلمیخ عرشه فولادی با توجه به نوع ورق عرشه فولادی به 2 نوع گلمیخ 115*19 و گلمیخ 100*19 تقسیم بندی می شود که قطر برشگیر گل میخ در هر حالت می بایست 20 میلی متر و یا کمتر باشد ، گل میخ ها را می توان از روی ورق عرشه فولادی و یا به طور مستقیم به بال تیرآهن جوش نمود،حداقل ارتفاع گلمیخ طبق آئین نامه از بالای ورق عرشه فولادی پس از نصب نباید کمتر از 40 میلی متر باشد.

از مزایای برشگیر گل میخ در سقف عرشه فولادی نسبت به برشگیر ناودانی در سقف کامپوزیت معمولی می توان به سرعت بالای اجرای گلمیخ اشاره نمود،همچنین برشگیر گلمیخ قابلیت انتقال نیروی برشی در تمامی جهات را دارا می باشد . همچنین زمان اجرای هر گلمیخ در حدود 1 ثانیه می باشد که  در صورت اجرای برشگیر ناودانی به زمانی در حدود 3 دقیقه نیاز می باشد . در اجرای گلمیخ به الکترود نیازی نبوده و کیفیت جوش به مراتب بیشتر از برشگیر ناودانی می باشد . در ضمن در اجرای گل میخ با استفاده از دستگاه استاد ولدینگ به علت پایین بودن زمان اجرای گل میخ تغییر شکل تیر فولادی در اثر حرارت ایجاد نمی شود .

وظیفه برشگیر گل میخ انتقال نیروی برشی می باشد که می توان گفت گلمیخ مهمترین قطعه سقف عرشه فولادی می باشد . در تولید گلمیخ از فولادی کم کربن براساس استاندارد آئین نامه استفاده می شودکه با استفاده از فرآیند فورج سرد خواص مکانیکی گلمیخ بهبود می بابد . از مزایای روش فورج سرد می توان به افزایش دانسیته و مقاومت تسلیم گلمیخ اشاره نمود.

از عوامل محیطی در کیفیت اجرای گل میخ می توان به شرایط جوی ، ضخامت رنگ تیرها و ورودی برق دستگاه استاد ولدینگ و همچنین تنظیمات دستگاه اشاره نمود.وجود حلقه سرامیکی دور گلمیخ به هنگام جوش گل میخ باعث محافظت از حوضچه مذاب و همچنین محافظت از اپراتور دستگاه می شود.

از روشهای تست کیفیت اجرایگلمیخ در محل پروژه می بایست پس از جوش گل میخ و سرد شدن حوضچه مذاب با اعمال نیروی یکنواخت به گلمیخ ،گل میخ را تا 35 درجه کج نمود که طی این عمل نباید جوش گل میخ شکسته شود.

در هنگام اجرای گلمیخ می بایست دقت شود که گلمیخ دچار زنگ زدگی ،روغن ، رطوبت و یا به طور کلی عواملی که باعث ایجاد اثرات منفی بر عملیات جوشکاری و پایین آمدن کیفیت گلمیخ می شود وجود نداشته باشد .





نوع مطلب :
برچسب ها : اجرای گل میخ، عرشه فولادی، گلمیخ عرشه فولادی، تولید گلمیخ،
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